7 Common Poisonous Mushrooms You Should Know

hello youtube this is rj welcome back to another episode of old man of the woods so we have been wanting to make this video ever since our water mushrooms can eat series over the years we found lots of edible mushrooms but there ain’t many that are toxic because unfortunately or unfortunately i would say only a small fraction of the mushrooms are poisonous one thing you need to know about poisonous mushrooms is that there’s no rule of thumb for you to just recognize them in a snap you have to do it by brute force have to first identify them then decide whether it is poisonous or not there’s no easy way out with that said there could be some quote unquote general principles as for what mushrooms not to eat we will get there when we discuss more examples specific examples later for now if you really want a quick and short advice i would say be particularly alert to those in natural colors white beige light yellow brown for example remember what they lack in color they may well make up for in toxicity another thing is it is completely safe to touch most of the poisonous mushrooms with your bare hands the toxins cannot penetrate your skin though it is always a good idea to wash your hands after handling mushrooms there is one exception perhaps the asian fire coral mushroom is highly toxic it is said that even touching it could cause skin inflammation but even this is highly controversial right first mushroom of the day the false parasol chlorophyllum molybdites one of the most commonly misconsumed poisonous mushrooms why because it is whitish in color looks almost like an albino version of the portobello mushroom or a gigantic butter mushroom pretty safe huh in addition these summer mushrooms grow on lawns not in the woods very readily accessible so why now grab some free gift from mother nature wrong don’t eat any mushrooms from your backyard unless you can tell they’re edible ones like the shaggy mane or the meadow mushrooms most of the lawn mushrooms are not worth eating and many of them are poisonous the false parasol is also called the vomiter consuming it will make one vomit have a bad diarrhea and gut cramps on the stomach these symptoms will occur within a couple of hours of consumption so far no one has died from miseating this mushroom however it may be deadly to dogs and other livestocks so be careful if you have easy access to this mushroom your dog might too the false parasol features a long straight stipe and a white cap on top just like a parasol but why false you may wonder well because it has an almost identical twin the person mushroom macrolabioda procera which is edible and has a pleasant nutty flavor there are multiple ways to tell the twins apart and the most straightforward one is to check their gills the mature false parasol has greenish gray gills and the parasol has whitish gills this is because the former yields unique olive green spores while the latter produces pale pink spores the color of spores does not always match that of the gills but in this case it does the false parasol is also called the greensport lapiota remember here green means poisonous though not always the second mushroom today is jack-o’-lantern omphalotus illudens it is a gorgeous orange mushroom that you can expect to see in mid-fall it grows near tree roots or on stumps and clusters like a giant bouquet of flowers in full bloom mis-consuming this mushroom can cause nausea throwing up abdominal cramping and sometimes diarrhea it may also affect the liver function but it won’t kill you partly thanks to its vibrant color people tend to avoid this mushroom we all have heard people saying that bright colored mushrooms are poisonous right however the jack o’ lantern has multiple delicious lookalikes and all of them are also very bright in color this alone shows the old wisdom doesn’t always hold if you want to learn more about those edible lookalikes we have a video on that but for now let’s get back to the check or lantern this mushroom really lives up to its common name in that it is pumpkin oranges overall including its cap gills stem and flesh the flesh may be of a lighter shade yet it is still orange also beneath its cap there are gills running down to the stem remember these two features and you won’t be confused with any of this edible lookalikes because none of the others has the same combination our third poisonous mushroom is significantly smaller than the first two it’s way less common at least in our area we’ve been searching for this mushroom for years but only got to meet it earlier this summer it is the sulfur tuft mushroom hypholoma fasciculare this light yellow mushroom is fairly easy to identify flip the cap you will see light yellow with olive green hues yeah the gills has like a greenish hue maybe it’s a sulfur tuft it grows in clusters so that’s a typical sign of sulfur tuft yeah if you remember our first mushroom the false parasol also has greenish gills because they are tinted by the green spores but for the sulfur theft the green comes from the gills themselves and it actually yields dark purple spores you can see its spore print in this spring do you think it’s green or it’s brown it’s very hard to tell i think it’s brown the base color of the cap is is yellow so yes for this reason there are usually dark shades in between the gills on mature specimens the sulphur tuft does not have much meat plus it is very bitter so it seems very unlikely that people would harvest and eat them by accident however these mushrooms usually grow in very tempting big clusters and their bitterness may be concealed within a meal so watch out don’t get them mixed into your edible harvest the clinical effect of the sulfur tuft is mainly gastrointestinal irritation some common symptoms include vomiting abdominal pain and a diarrhea yet it is not a fatal mushroom the symptoms will usually resolve within several hours the fourth mushroom is the common earthborn mushroom yes it is a ball-shaped mushroom without a regular cap and stamp and the spores are stored inside of the ball the earth ball is pretty hard when young its skin is dark yellow or brown in color the inner mass is initially white but will soon turn black as it grows don’t get it confused with the edible puff ball which is firm but puffy and have white flesh and don’t think you stumble on some delicious truffles when you find some earthborn mushrooms unless you misidentify the earth balls for some edible mushrooms you are not likely to digest them by mistake ingestion of this mushroom can cause gastrointestinal distress as well unlike the first four mushrooms the mis-consumption of our fifth mushroom galerina marginata can have disastrous consequences you know this when you learn its common names deadly galerina the funeral bell and the autumn skull cap yep you’re warned naturally good deadly gotta write on the ring zone the toxins found in this mushroom are amatoxins the lethal dose of which is around 0.1 milligram per kilogram of human body weight the deadly galrina can cause severe liver dysfunction and kidney failure in the first day of ingestion the victim will not display any symptoms though the toxins are actively working in the next 24 hours there will be vomiting and bloody diarrhea then things seem to get better before they get worse the victim appears to recover but the final stage quickly follows in which the clotting factors in the blood get destroyed liver and kidney failure occurs which could lead to death and all this happens within seven days of consumption must be yeah i think it’s deadly galerina let’s compare it to the velvet food mushroom both appear in wintertime and they can resist the cold temperature in our 10 winter edible mushrooms video we compared deadly galerina to two tasty mushrooms that look like it the honey and the velvet foot check it out if you want a step to step identification beige so it’s very easy to identify to differentiate or stay away from all little brown mushrooms because first you shouldn’t eat any mushrooms you don’t know and little brown mushrooms are notoriously difficult to identify and second deadly galerina is not the only deadly little brown mushroom pholiotina rugosa for example grows on pacific northwest and is also fatal our sixth and seventh mushroom belong to the same genus amonita they’re the destroying angel and the death cap very ominous these two mushrooms contain amatoxins as the deadly galerina so they also can damage the liver and kidney and sometimes a transplant is required here sac like vulva the destroying angel which includes Amanita bisporigera in the east ocreata in the west and the magnivelaris in conifers is an all-white mushroom take a look at its structure this is important white cap beneath which are crowded girls white stem with a little skirt hanging on it this is called the partial veil it covers the gills when the mushroom is young there’s also a universal veil that encloses the whole mushroom at its earliest stage a mushroom egg it once was when the mushroom cracked the shell and get tall the universal veil degenerates into a sack-like vulva hugging the base of the stem you have to dig deep to see it the death cap amonita feloidus has the exact same structure but the cap takes on a yellow to greenish color especially towards the center now i only saw the death cap once and it was not a very typical specimen but this photo from wiki will demonstrate the color difference both mushrooms are fairly common the destroying angel on eastern america in summer and the death camp more on west coast in fall they are quite meaty and innocent looking not a far cry from the common bottom mushroom and strikingly like the asian straw mushroom therefore the two account for by far the most deaths due to mushroom poisoning in fact many members in the amanita family are poisonous though not mortal such as amanita abrupta and amanita cokeri so unless you’re very familiar with wild mushrooms you should always keep your guard up and avoid amanita mushrooms luckily the members in the amanita genus are easy to recognize they basically share the same color and structure as the destroying angel with some variations some are darker some have scales on the cap some without a ring some without a vulva but when you see anything similar drop it of course you may strike down some non-american mushrooms like lapioda’s for example but that’s actually a good thing because this leather genus also contains poisonous mushrooms plus you won’t miss anything special what is quite counterintuitive is that the one choice edible mushroom in the amanila genus the caesar’s mushroom is fire orange in color so don’t judge a mushroom’s edibility by its color if you can’t resist the temptation do it the other way around never trust the innocent looking ones so all the mushrooms showed in this video are found in pennsylvania maryland virginia and delaware if you know any common poisonous species but it’s not included this video that must because i haven’t got the honor to meet it i hope you enjoyed today’s video and know better what not to eat there are many toxic mushrooms that are not covered here like the yellow stainer fool’s funnel false morel deadly webcap and so on and so forth i’m looking forward to meeting them in the future and introducing them to you as well until next time future and agent uc i’m looking forward to you

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